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The pubs and breweries
of Barton upon Humber,
Barrow and New Holland...

... also featuring cinemas, photographers, and other diversions




The earliest reliable description of Barton upon Humber can be found in the Domesday Book of 1086, when it was noted to have a ferry, at least two mills, a priest and a regular market. The population was around 1,000 people living in 196 households, including 63 villagers, 83 smallholders, 42 freemen and one priest. This was considered large for that period, and Barton was probably the most important settlement north of Lincoln at that time; as such, it would have been well-served by any number of inns, taverns and alehouses. This was especially likely, as Barton had become established as a market town since the conquest, which is also confirmed in the Domesday records. One of those inns would no doubt have been situated near the ferry that initially sailed to Hessle, and later to Hull.

At the time of the Domesday Book Barton was the largest port on the Humber, and by the 14th century one of the richest towns north of London. A thriving merchant community soon developed in Barton, and the town was an important place of trans-shipment just like its close neighbour Wyke (Hull). Many of these important merchants lived in Fleetgate, one of Barton’s oldest thoroughfares (dendro-chronology on wood samples from 51 Fleetgate dated timbers in the buildings to c.1420). This accumulation of prosperous merchants would suggest Fleetgate was also a likely site for Barton’s earliest inns, taverns or alehouses; the properties in which these early drinking places were located may survive, but establishing all of their precise locations has proved challenging.

Barton’s growth was restricted during the general depression of the Middle Ages and later by the unprecedented growth of the port of Wyke. The King (Edward I) acquired Wyke prior to Barton, and took advantage of the River Hull’s deeper waters for loading his war-ships with supplies, and repairing them at the many shipyards along the banks of the river during the wars with Scotland. This secured Wyke’s future as ‘Kingstown upon Hull’ but was also one of the main factors that marked the decline of Barton as a port. Barton upon Humber survived none-the-less, and its markets and fairs continued to be held and the ferry remained in operation. The earliest market in Barton (granted by a royal charter from Henry III in 1238) is thought to have been located between St Mary’s Lane and Whitecross Street, later moving to King Street, George Street and the Butchery in the 17th century. A regular annual fair was established by charter in 1307. Barton’s present Market Place only took shape in the early Georgian era. The area around the ferry, the markets and the merchants’ homes would no doubt have been the location of Barton’s most important inns, taverns or alehouses, all well-used by the local tradesmen as well as visitors to the markets.

Much of Barton upon Humber was destroyed by fire during 1642, possibly by looters during the Civil War when Cromwell and his forces damaged the churches, and indeed the town’s economy, which recovered only slowly. The ferry was also affected, as records show that the Royalists had even burned its boats. Barton’s recovery after the Civil War was marked with the construction of many quality properties such as Baysgarth House and New Hall, all constructed between the late 17th century and the middle of the 18th century. It is likely that many of Barton’s present well-known pubs were established by that time, e.g. the George, the Wheatsheaf, the Waggon & Horses, the Bay Horse, the White Lion and the White Swan. Still Barton was not always favoured by good reports. Daniel Defoe noted in 1748 that:

‘… there are seven good towns on the sea coast, but I include not Barton, which stands on the Humber, as one of them. Being a straggling mean town, noted for nothing but an old fashioned, dangerous passage;

a ferry over the Humber to Hull, where, in an open boat, in which we had about 15 horses and 10 or 12 cows mingled with about 17 or 18 passengers, we were about four hours tossed about the Humber before we could get in to harbour at Hull.’

The honourable John Byng reported in 1791 that Barton was ‘mean and dirty, a nasty, gloomy place without a tolerable shop’. The shops he referred to and obviously found lacking, were probably alehouses or inns, i.e. beer-shops. The entry for Barton in the 1791 Universal Directory of Great Britain gives an account that relates indirectly to the traffic that would have used the inns and taverns very much, and describes the town thus:

‘Barton upon Humber, Lincolnshire, is a large market-town, consisting of several streets, but not closely built. It has two large churches, the one dedicated to St. Peter, the other to St. Mary, and appears by an old register to have been a place of greater note than at present; and here are several vestiges sufficient to prove that the town has been of greater extent. In the reign of Queen Elizabeth great numbers died from the plague. The market is held on Monday, and a fair annually on the Thursday in Trinity week for horses, beasts, and sheep. This town contains about 380 householders, and 1,700 inhabitants; is distant from Glanford Bridge (commonly called Brigg) 11 miles, Lincoln 34, Caistor 18, Great Grimsby 22, and London 167.

The easy passage daily across the Humber to Hull, (7 miles) prevents any great trade being carried on at Barton; for there are four, and sometimes more, good market-boats go and return daily; and inhabitants of Barton can go and return in the horse-boat, on Hull market-days, viz. Tuesdays and Fridays, for one penny each: in the pleasure-boat they pay sixpence each, and the better accommodation therein is very well worth the additional 5d. Persons who are not inhabitants of Barton, pay 4d in the horse-boat without a horse, and one shilling with one: in the pleasure-boat 6d each. The fare of each person going on other days in the horse-boat is 4d and pleasure-boat 6d.

There is a ferry to Hessle, called King’s-ferry, and is only across the Humber, nearly opposite, being only about 2 miles. This ferry is served by a horse-boat only, and not daily, but as business requires. – A man and horse pay 1s.

In the foregoing table the Moon is supposed to be one day old until 24 hours after the change, &c. but in almanacs the moon is reckoned one day old upon the day on which the change happens, and by such a reckoning the boats will come and go sooner than set forth in the table; and, when the wind blows strong from the North, or North-east, the boats must go nearly 40 minutes sooner than above-mentioned. The boats usually set off from Hull about three hours sooner than they go from Barton to Hull; and they go to Hessle generally before high-water.

A coach sets out from the Waterside inn, (the ferry-house, and half a mile from the town,) every day, after the boats arrive from Hull, for Lincoln, and thence to London, and the passengers arrive in Gracechurch-street, on the second morning after, about 10. – Inside fare £2, 2s, outside £1, 6s.

There are two stage-waggons twice a week to Lincoln, by which goods and passengers are conveyed to and from Lincoln, for London, Nottingham, Newark, Hull, Beverley, Scarborough, and all other places adjacent to the roads. Goods pay 4d per stone to Lincoln, and 14d to London, from Barton; and vice versa. One waggon is kept by Thomas Wilson and Co. and sets out every Tuesday and Thursday, and returns every Thursday and Saturday morning, to save the tide for Hull; the other is kept by Lidget and Co. and sets out every Tuesday and Thursday, and returns every Monday and Wednesday.A cart, kept by John Tomlinson, goes to Brigg-market on Thursday, and Caistor-market on Saturday. Joshua Gear sends a cart, and sometimes two. Every Tuesday to Louth, and returns on the Thursday morning; he also sends another to Caistor-market on the Saturday. All the carts and waggons have a covering, so that goods or passengers may be conveyed very dry.

The post arrives here from London, (by way of Gainsborough,) every Monday, Thursday, and Saturday evenings, about 5 o’clock, and returns about the same time the following evenings. The post-office is kept at the George Inn in the Market-place by John Morley. The excise office is kept at the White Swan Inn, in Fleetgate, by Richard Gunson; and the Stamp-office, and Royal-Exchange Assurance-office, by John Wilbar.

A bank is kept at Mr. Marris’s office near the Market-place, under the firm of Joseph Robinson Pease, Thomas Harrison, Josiah Pricket, Thomas Marris jun. and William Graburn: the bills are payable at Barton, or at Messrs Robert and Thomas Harrisons, and Co. bankers, London.

About 80 of the principal inhabitants are formed into an Association for prosecuting Felonies and Misdemeanors. There is also a Friendly Society for the use of sick, lame, or superannuated, members; it is well-regulated, and consists of about 80 members, many of which are very respectable, and though each member contributes only 1s per month, yet the present fund amounts to several hundred pounds. Many poor members, who have been ill, or have had misfortunes, have happily experienced the good effects of the institution. It is held at the White-Lion. There is a Lodge of Free-masons, (St. Mathew’s) at the George-Inn.’ (sic)

Industry on a large scale came to Barton mostly in the form of brick-making and rope-making in the early 18th century, promoting growth to the north of the town, although brick had been used for building in the area since much earlier. Evidence of the use of brick can be seen in Barton’s churches and some early surviving buildings such as 51 Fleetgate, which all contain examples of early brickwork. The ferry remained still in use, but as White’s 1826 directory records, it was rather infrequent:

‘The ferryboat for the conveyance of passengers, cattle and goods to Hull leaves Barton on the first two days after every new and full moon and a Market Boat to Hull three days every fortnight’.

However, the service improved some years later when a steam-packet called the Royal Charter ran to Hull twice daily, and local carriers ran inland from the White Lion in the Market Place, the Bay Horse in Whitecross Street and the Blue Bell, also in Whitecross Street.

A trade directory of 1849 noted that there was a weekly market held each Monday in Barton and a Cattle Fair annually on Trinity Thursday. Of its trade and industry, it noted:

‘There are corn mills, breweries, malt kilns, tanneries, lime kilns, whiting works, brick fields, tile kilns, a pottery, rope walks, sail lofts, banks, wharfs, jetty etc.’

A branch line of the Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire Railway opened in 1849, running from New Holland to Barton, where a new railway station was constructed in 1855. From as early as 1855 the directories noted that carriers ran from the Wheatsheaf, the George, the Blue Bell, the Black Bull and the White Lion and an ‘omnibus’ ran from the George that year ‘to meet the trains’. Barton’s inns and taverns would no doubt have been kept in good trade with all the local workers; possibly too good, as the Barton News reported in January 1858:

‘On Saturday evening, October 31st, 1857, between the hours of 7 and 8, all the public houses in the town were visited in order to ascertain the prevalence of drunkenness. The result of the investigation was of the most lamentable character, and such as ought to influence the actions of every philanthropist and Christian in the neighbourhood. It appears that on the evening above named, no less than one in every 23 of the population, including children as well as adults, were drinking in public houses. Many more, no doubt, were preparing themselves in a similar way for the Sabbath at their houses. Many of these drinkers were in a degraded state of intoxication, and mingling with company not the most respectable. Many of them were women, and large number young men below 20.’

The growth of Barton upon Humber as an industrial centre promoted new building throughout the town and consequently many new pubs. At its peak in the 1870s Barton had around 20 pubs – one for every 200 inhabitants. The pubs of course were not just disorderly places full of Barton’s low life. As in every other town of a similar size, the pubs served a variety of uses. As a social centre the ‘pub’ has run as a thread through the lives of most English people since the 13th century. Ordinary people used the alehouse (the forerunner of the public alehouse or pub) as a place to sell and buy goods, to obtain lodging, to find employment, to borrow money, to gamble, to eat, to dance, to make folk music and to find sexual partners. The larger inns in towns and villages were used as manorial courts and for a host of other social functions. Historian Peter Clark remarked that ‘the pre-industrial era alehouses were far more numerous than any other type of meeting places in the Kingdom’.

Barton had an Old Friendly Society, formed in 1774, which had about 40 members by 1856 (it ceased in 1858) and the New Friendly Society had 130 members in the same year. The town also had at least two lodges of Odd Fellows at that time according to White’s 1856 trade directory. Most if not all of these societies would have met in club-rooms above – or in the back-rooms – of a pub. By 1904 Barton had four friendly societies that all met at pubs, and at least 12 Dividend Clubs that also met at pubs; at least 11 of them were named after those pubs that they served. Barton’s apparent deficit of places of entertainment was more than balanced with it’s abundance of pubs – a writer in the Lindsey Observer in 1855 noted:

‘Large towns have their Zoological Gardens, Cricket Grounds, Arboretums, and other places of amusement, but towns like Barton have unhappily little to attract in the way of amusement except the public house.’

George Street looking north c.1905, showing the George Hotel far left.

The seemingly disproportionate amount of pubs in a town as small as Barton, should be balanced with the knowledge that as a market town Barton had to cater for large increases in its population at market time, at the times of fairs, and when horse races were held at the Barton Racecourse off Brigg Road, south of the town. These traders and customers would all require food, lodging and somewhere to display their wares and conduct business. The ferry service would also have attracted seasonal travellers who might have required accommodation. Many of the smaller (now mostly closed or lost in time) beer houses were opened following the so-called Beer-house Act of 1830; in his History & Social Antiquities of Barton upon Humber in 1856 (p.20), Henry Ball noted: ‘Shortly after the passing of the act regulating the sale of beer, in 1830, 16 beer-shops were opened. At present [1856] there are 17 licensed houses in the town, of which five are under the new act.’

So it is for many reasons that Barton has such an excellent selection of surviving pubs and former pub buildings, many of which contain important architectural details and are worth more investigation, as many of Barton’s Listed Buildings are not yet well documented. In 1990 Barton Civic Society urged English Heritage to return to Barton for a closer look at the buildings, with particular regard to interiors and pubs, which seem to have been mostly overlooked (their last review was made in 1975). I hope my short survey will provide some impetus for further research by someone in this area.

Source material • A note on primary sources

The North East Lincolnshire Archives in Grimsby holds some of the records of the abolished Barton Urban District Council, which contain a register of licensed premises from 1932 until 1974 (Reference 427/3/1). They also hold over 1,000 building plans from the same council, the earliest from the 1860s. The plans include many of public houses in Barton (Reference 83/601 and 602, under the title ‘Notices of intention to build’). All of the maps and plans contained in this work have been re-drawn from the originals by the author and no original plans have been reproduced.

A hunt meeting in the Market Place c.1900. Note the George Hotel in the background, with its original roof line.

When compiling any work on old pubs it is useful to consult the earliest large-scale (usually 1850s) Ordnance Survey plans for the area, as they recorded the location of inns and taverns, often showing the premises by name. Sadly no large-scale 1850s Ordnance Survey of Barton or the surrounding area was made. The only Ordnance Survey plans available are from the first edition plans of 1888 (1:2500 scale) for Barton and the second edition of 1908 for Barrow and New Holland (1:2500), which give little or no information on pubs for anything other than the larger hotels and public houses. Frustratingly, there are several copies of the small scale 1824 (1 inch to 1 statute mile) Ordnance Survey available but due to their reduced format they are of little use in identifying individual buildings. Another useful tool provided by the Ordnance Survey was the Town Plan (usually compiled in the late 1880s or early 1890s), a series of large-scale (1:500) plans of cities and towns. These showed properties in great detail and larger pubs were again often noted by name. Sadly these were only made if the particular town council requested them, and paid a nominal fee; Barton Urban District Council did not see fit to have any made. Other maps of the town are very rare indeed and on a small scale, whereas a larger town like Hull had a new street plan drawn almost every other year during the 19th century, as well as many sets of Ordnance Survey plans in large scale from the 1850s onwards.

Fire Insurance plans, made by the larger insurance companies, can often be relied upon in the absence of any Ordnance Survey plans as they show buildings in detail and refer to the business carried on at each property. No such plans are known for the North Lincolnshire area.

Fortunately Barton, Barrow and New Holland do at least feature in many trade directories, but as they are county directories the details for such small towns are scant. The larger towns and cities are generally covered in at least two or three directories for each decade in the early 19th century, but Barton (and rarely Barrow) feature only briefly in directories made in 1791, 1822, 1826 and 1835 for example.

Licensing records, usually held in county archive offices, are dense and often give only sporadic detail but provide useful dates for the researcher. Records for the Lindsey district are only available from 1872 onwards and are sparse to say the least. Some early Alehouse Recognizances exist within the records of the Quarter Sessions Court in the Lincolnshire Archives but generally give little useful information other than the name of the alehouse keepers in each town. A recognizance was a bond made before justices of the peace by every alehouse keeper and retailer of beer that he or she would keep an orderly house. These bonds were usually witnessed and the names of those who stood surety are also listed. Sadly, it is rare for the name of the house to be listed before the late 18th century. Recognizances for Barton, Barrow etc. only exist in a user-friendly form from the 1630s and the 1790s, and some of these are in Latin. However, the author has consulted samples from both periods; for those concerned with the number of ‘pubs’ in Barton in the 21st century, it should be noted that in April 1632 there were 34 alehouses in the immediate area (several kept by women) in a period when the population was probably less than 2,000. The authority vested in the Ale House Recognizance was not to be taken lightly, as this sternly worded example from an 1820s shows. It refers to Dinah Wood, the keeper of the Waterside Inn at that time:

‘… upon condition that Dinah Wood of the Waterside House in Barton upon Humber aforesaid, do and shall keep the true Assize in uttering and selling Bread and other Victuals, Beer, Ale, and other liquors in her House; and shall not fraudulently dilute or adulterate the same; and shall not use in uttering and selling thereof any Pots or other Measures that are not of the full size; and shall not wilfully or knowingly permit Drunkenness or Tippling, nor get drunk in her House or other Premises; nor knowingly suffer any gaming with Cards, Draughts, Dice, Bagatelle, or any other sedentary Game, in her house or any of the Outhouses, Appurtenances, or Easements, thereto belonging, by Journeyman, Labourers, Servants, or Apprentices; nor knowingly introduce, permit or suffer any Bull, Bear or Badger-baiting, Cock-fighting, or other such Sport or Amusement, in any part of her premises; nor shall she knowingly or designedly, and with a View to harbour and entertain such, permit or suffer Men or Women of notoriously bad Fame, or dissolute Girls and Boys, to assemble and meet together in her House, or any of the Premises thereto belonging; nor shall keep open her House, nor permit or suffer any drinking or tippling in any part of her Premises, during the usual Hours of Divine Service on Sundays; nor shall keep open her House or other Premises, during the Hours of the Night, or early in the Morning, for any other Purpose than the Reception of Travellers; but to keep good Rule and Order therein, according to the Purport of a Licence granted for selling Ale, Beer or other Liquors, by Retail, in the said House and Premises for one whole year …’ (sic)

Despite the relative shortage of primary sources I have attempted to present as full a picture as possible with the limited resources at hand. My study is based upon what sources were available and what evidence is left ‘on the ground’. Sources that may add some minor details to this survey, are the Quarter Sessions records, and the old newspapers. I have serached the newspapers online from the late 1700s until the 1950s, but an in-depth study of such endless material has run into years. I had to stop somewhere.

What follows is the result of a part-time study of the pubs and breweries, past and present, of Barton, Barrow and New Holland, as it appears that they have not been recorded fully, as one group, elsewhere. The information is presented for the most part as an alphabetical gazetteer for ease of reference, and includes the names of any victuallers that I have found during the research for those family historians amongst you. The list of victuallers, landlords, and/or tenants is by no means complete or definitive and should not be viewed as such. Where ‘hotels’ and ‘clubs’ are listed, this is for interest and comparison only, as the notes are aimed primarily as a study of those premises that would be regarded as a traditional pub. It is difficult to regard any modern variations as valid in this context, such as wine bars and the lounges and bars of hotels etc., although some premises are noted for reference.

The Waterside Inn, Waterside Road, which dates from c.1715 at least. Seen here in the 1950s.

During my research I have had contact with several local historians, and looked at other sources both printed and on the Internet. These searches have from time to time raised suggestions of other ‘lost pubs’ of Barton, which I can neither confirm or deny; they too are listed in the book, for those who may like to follow-up on my research. Often, I find research of this kind raises as many questions as answers.

Throughout my short (but exceedingly drawn out) study I have been given invaluable assistance by John French MBE of Barton, and in its early stages by the late Chris Ketchell of the former Hull College Local History Unit, who both deserve another special mention here. If I have missed anything or made any incorrect assumptions please do get in touch via

Below is a table showing the population of Barton (taken from census returns) with the number of known licensed premises in those years.

Year Population No. of Pubs
1801 1709 ?
1811 2204 ?
1821 2496 12
1831 3233 12
1841 3475 12
1851 3866 16
1861 3797 13
1871 4332 19
1881 5339 19
1891 5226 16
1901 5671 21
1911 6673 16
1921 6453 16
1931 6332 13
1942 no data no data
1951 6582 12
1961 6582 11
1971 7522 12
1981 8524 10
1991 9431 11
2001 9485 11
2011 11066 12

A section of an old invoice from the Brittania Brewery of Sutton, Bean & Co of Brigg, and one of their Whisky water jugs. This brewery was one of a small number that supplied the pubs in Barton and the surrounding district.

Originating in the late 1890s, the partnership was one of several smaller local breweries that were acquired by Hull Brewery Ltd in 1925. The lower photograph, showing the brewery entrance and Brittania Inn, was almost certainly made c.1925, following the takeover.


John French MBE, of the Barton upon Humber Civic Society, for his friendship and his extensive knowledge of Barton upon Humber
The late Chris Ketchell of Hull College’s former Local History Unit for advice and purely educational visits to several hostelries
The late Brian Peeps for advice, and kind access to his image collection.
Hull History Centre and former Central Library Local Studies Library staff for their assistance
Scunthorpe Central Library Local Studies staff for their assistance
North Lincolnshire Museum, Scunthorpe
The staff of the Barton Library
The staff of the Grimsby Library
John Wilson & the North East Lincolnshire Archives, Grimsby
The staff of the Lincolnshire Archives, Lincoln
North Lincolnshire Council, Development Control & Conservation Team, Scunthorpe.
Zoe Poole and the Ordnance Survey staff
John & Valerie Holland for kind access to their postcard collection
John Pullen for e-mailed assistance, photographs and his excellent Barton web-site
The late Rex Russell for advice and the re-drawn Barton Enclosure Plan
Dr Ball for access to his photographic collection
Nicola Beech in the Map Library of the British Library in London
The late Bob Griffiths (former landlord of the Volunteer Arms) and his wife Betty for their memories
Councillor Audrey Cole for her knowledge of the Jolly Sailor


A Clearer Sense of the Census; the Victorian Censuses and Historical Research (PRO Handbook No.28), Edward Higgs. HMSO, London 1996.

A History of English Ale & Beer, H A Monckton. Bodley Head, London 1966.

Aspects of the History of Barton on Humber 1713 – 1851, Rex C Russell. Published by Joyce C Martin, 1988.

Barrow Then and Now, Barrow upon Humber Civic Society. B A Press, Beverley 1989.

Barton & the Jacobite Rising, Martin T Clarke. Privately Published.

Barton Civic Society Newsletters, various 1980s and 1990s.

Barton Remembered 1939 – 1945, Geoff Bryant and Dinah Tyszka. Workers Educational Association. Barton 1998.

Barton upon Humber in the 1850s, Part 1: Leisure & Pleasure, Barton on Humber Branch of the Workers Educational Association. Privately Published 1977.

Barton upon Humber in Old Picture Postcards, Michael E Ulyatt. European Library, Zaltbommel Netherlands 1986.

Barton upon Humber Town Directories, various. 1950s – 1990s.

Barton upon Humber Town Trail, Barton Civic Society, 1983.

Be Your Own House Detective, Mac Dowdy, Judith Miller & David Austin. BBC Books, London 1997.

Bygone Lincolnshire, William Andrews. A. Brown & Son, Hull 1891.

Census Returns for Lincolnshire: 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891 and 1901. Held at the Scunthorpe Library.

East Riding Friendly Societies, David Neave. East Yorkshire Local History Society, 1988.

Fragments Relating to Barton upon Humber; Being papers read before the Literary Institute, Thomas Tombleson, County Alderman. H.W. Ball & Son, Printers, Barton upon Humber, 1905.

History of Lincolnshire Volume XI, Lincolnshire Towns and Light Industry 1700-1914, Neil R Wright. History of Lincolnshire Committeee for the Society for Lincolnshire History and Archaeology, Lincoln 1982.

Hull Advertiser Index 1794-1825, Hull College Local History Unit reprint, 2000.

Hull and East Yorkshire Breweries, Pat Aldabella & Robert Barnard. East Yorkshire Local History Society, Hull 1997.

Humber Ferries and the Rise of New Holland, 1800-1860, reprinted from the East Midland Geographer. University of Nottingham, Department of Geography 1961.

Images of England, Barton upon Humber, compiled by John and Valerie Holland. Tempus Publishing, Stroud 1999.

Land People and Landscapes, John French etc. Lincolnshire Books, 1991.

J C Lee’s Barton Almanacs, 1904 – 1934.

Meadley Index to the Hull Advertiser, edited by David Parry. Humberside College of Higher Education, 1987.

Meadley Index to the Hull Times, edited by Robert Barnard. Hull College Local History Unit & Kingston upon Hull City Council Local Studies Library, 1998-1999.

North Lincolnshire Breweries, Pat Aldabella & Robert Barnard. Reprinted from the Journal of the Brewery History Society, No.86 1996 by Hull College Local Studies Unit, 1996.

R Fox Smith’s Barton Illustrated Town Almanacs, 1898 – 1940.

The Buildings of England, Yorkshire: York and the East Riding, Nikolaus Pevsner and David Neave. Penguin Books, London (Second impression) 1995.

The English Ale-house, A Social History 1200 – 1830, Peter Clark. Longman Group Ltd., Harlow 1983.

The Humber Bridge Hotel. Newspaper supplement - Scunthorpe Evening Telegraph, 14th September 1988.

The Old Friendly Societies of Hull, Paul Davis. A. Brown & Sons Ltd., Hull 1926.

Trade Directories: -

Bennett’s 1908.

Kelly’s 1849, 1855, 1868, 1876, 1889, 1892, 1893, 1896, 1900, 1905, 1909, 1913, 1919, 1922, 1926, 1930, 1933, 1937.

Morris’ 1863.

Slater’s 1849.

White’s 1826, 1842, 1856, 1872, 1882, 1892.

Victuallers’ Licenses, Records for Family and Local Historians (second edition), Jeremy Gibson and Judith Hunter. Federation of Family History Societies, Bury 2000.

W G Schofield Ltd., 1870–1970 One Hundred Years, G C Schofield. Privately published article. Barrow upon Humber 1970.

A note on archival primary sources: -

North East Lincolnshire Archives, Grimsby holds some of the records of the abolished Barton Urban District Council, which contain a register of licensed premises from 1932 until 1974 (Reference 427/3/1). They also hold over a thousand building plans from the same council, the earliest from the 1860s. The plans include many for public houses in Barton (Reference 83/601 and 602, under the title ‘Notices of intention to build’).

N.B. All of the building plans contained in this website have been re-drawn from the originals by the author; no original plans have been reproduced.

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